Hip and Knee Pain
The large size of the hip and knee joints is reflective of their roles: supporting the body’s weight while providing mobility to walk, run, jump, climb, bend, and stand. With use and age, the cartilage protecting these joint sockets can become damaged. Overused muscles and tendons can create pain, as will arthritis. Breaks and fractures always require physical therapy to regain strength and motion in these areas.
Pain stemming from the back or groin can radiate to the hip, and a hip issue can manifest in knee pain. Sciatica—inflammation of the sciatic nerve—often radiates from the low back through the hip and knee. Pain in both hips and knees can be related to the feet, stemming from issues with stance and gait. Knees are prone to arthritis and to tears of the meniscus and ligaments, to bursitis and tendonitis, and to injury from sports.
Correct diagnosis of the underlying issues is important for treatment.
Physical therapy for hip and knee pain generally includes a combination of techniques, including physical exercises, with the goal of decreasing or eliminating pain, and improving strength and range of motion, while aiming to restore normal functional mobility.
The source of the pain will dictate the treatment. Physical Therapist Shane Bauer will assess and diagnose the pain source and create a treatment plan using a variety of complementary therapies that can include hands-on manipulation and muscle loosening, specialized techniques such as Dry Needling and The Graston Technique, and education and instruction in exercises to restore strength and mobility. Each treatment plan will be tailored to the needs of the individual.